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Possible Tax Breaks for Volunteer Fire Fighters
April 16, 2014
HARRISBURG- Responding to a growing shortage of volunteer firefighters, Senator Lisa Baker (R-20) and Senator Sean Wiley (D-49) have joined forces to introduce a bill to give municipalities the power to waive their local earned income tax for volunteer first responders. 

Volunteers at nonprofit emergency medical service (EMS) agencies would also be eligible to receive the tax credit.

“If every local government in Pennsylvania had to convert to a paid firefighting force, it would cost an estimated $6 billion,” Baker said.  “Giving firefighters a small break on their local taxes is a simple benefit that will compensate them in some small measure for their priceless life-saving work.”

Senator Wiley agreed, noting, "Erie County is home to over 30 volunteer fire and EMS companies, organizations that give countless hours to ensure the safety and well-being of our neighbors. I am proud to work with Senator Baker on a piece of legislation that gives back to these brave men and women who give so much without hesitation."

The idea for the legislation was bolstered by a joint hearing on firefighter and EMT retention and recruitment held last fall by the Senate Veterans Affairs and Emergency Preparedness Committee, which Baker chaired for seven years, and the Majority Policy Committee. 

Extending an earned income tax credit was among a menu of solutions offered by experts as a good recruitment and retention tool.  

Under the legislation, municipalities would have the power to set the amount of the tax credit and the guidelines of the program, including specifying the number of calls to which a volunteer must answer and the level of training they must have. 

“Although the tax credit program would not be mandatory, we hope every municipality will see the virtue of keeping and attracting its volunteer firefighters. When those first flames begin, we cannot afford to sound the alarm and have no one come,” Baker explained.

Baker and Wiley said the bill is expected to be part of a larger package of incentives to fill the rapidly declining ranks of our volunteer firefighters and EMTs, which have dropped from 300,000 to 50,000 in 30 years.  The decrease is blamed largely on the prevalence of two-income families, an over-emphasis on fire department fundraising, local leadership conflicts, and the stagnant economy.  Baker has formed a working group to advance other strategies for a comprehensive First Responder Relief package. 

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